What Are The Different Types of Roofing Shingles and How To Choose The Best?

Different types of roofing shingles are used in installing roofs in home and office buildings these days. Broadly, architectural shingles come in two forms – asphalt and wood. Wooden shingles are not as common as they once used to be, and are confined to a tiny niche including ornamental roofing and expensive ornate construction projects with big budget owners.

Asphalt shingles are the preferred roofing material for most home owners, primarily because they are less expensive, readily available and can withstand the elements making it suitable for roofing even in homes where weather can be harsh and inclement. While estimates vary, asphalt roofing typically lasts for twenty to thirty years.

Types of Roofing Shingles – Asphalt Roofing

There are 3 major categories of asphalt shingles including organic asphalt, laminated organic asphalt and fiberglass asphalt. Each kind is unique and manufactured by different companies, each of which specializes in one or two kinds of shingles. Roofers may disagree about which kind of architectural shingles is best, but the correct choice depends upon more than just what kind you will use. Preparation of the roof and correct installation matter equally.

While doing re-roofing jobs, the old roof is torn down completely even when it is functional. Without doing this, it is impossible to say for sure whether or not the roof sheathing underneath needs to be fixed. Indications that this may be required come when you can see water damage, fungus infestation or rot in some parts of the building. A visual inspection after the shingles are completely removed will quickly identify such leaks.

Selecting Architectural Shingles For Replacement

After any damaged areas in the roof sheathing are fixed, and all roofing accessories are installed, you’re ready to install roofing shingles. The hardest part can be selecting which types of roofing shingles to opt for. Not only are there different brands to pick from, but also multiple colors and designs. Make sure you study the basics of selecting asphalt shingles wisely and you’ll be safe.

When you’re shopping around, don’t settle for the first deal you come across. Get quotes from various manufacturers on the kind of roofing shingles you’ve chosen. Check with the roofing companies about which shingles they themselves recommend buyers to use, and then research the performance of these kinds online. How the shingles withstand wind resistance, insulate the building against temperature fluctuations and other performance measures must all be considered at this time.

Buying Asphalt Shingles

While constructing a new roof can be a major activity, there’s no need to worry too much if you do some basic research and work with a good contractor. The hard part is picking the right type of asphalt shingles which will resist weather conditions and last long. Going with a popular national brand can ensure quality standards are met. To be sure of getting a good price, you may want to seek multiple quotes from different manufacturers before selecting one. The good news is that there are many online resources you can use to compare between vendors and get a great deal.

Your roofing contractor will generally want to do a complete job of roof installation. The roof decking may need replacement. An ice and water shield is put into place, taking care to ensure that it’s lapping over the drip edge. Gables must be sufficiently protected as well. Roofing accessories like pipe boots are then installed, with the exact sequence varying depending upon the pitch of your roof. The primary aim is to make sure that water and snow don’t collect on the roof but flow off smoothly.

If you need more information about the types of roofing shingles, check out the other articles on this site which address specific elements of the process to replace or construct a new roof with asphalt shingles or architectural shingles.

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